HKU HKU Dept of Statistics & Actuarial Science, HKU

Seminar by Dr. Yifan CUI from University of Pennsylvania

DateMay 5, 2021, Wednesday
Time10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m.
Venuevia Zoom
TitleInstrumental variable approaches to individualized treatment regimes under a counterfactual world

There is a fast-growing literature on estimating optimal treatment regimes based on randomized trials or observational studies under a key identifying condition of no unmeasured confounding. Because confounding by unmeasured factors cannot generally be ruled out with certainty in observational studies or randomized trials subject to noncompliance, we propose a robust classification-based instrumental variable approach to learning optimal treatment regimes under endogeneity. Specifically, we establish identification of both value function for a given regime and optimal regimes with the aid of a binary instrumental variable, when no unmeasured confounding fails to hold. We also construct novel multiply robust classification-based estimators. In addition, we propose to identify and estimate optimal treatment regimes among those who would comply to the assigned treatment under a monotonicity assumption. Furthermore, we consider the problem of individualized treatment regimes under sign and partial identification. In the former case, i) we provide a necessary and sufficient identification condition of optimal treatment regimes with an instrumental variable; ii) we establish the somewhat surprising result that complier optimal regimes can be consistently estimated without directly collecting compliance information and therefore without the complier average treatment effect itself being identified. In the latter case, we establish a formal link between individualized decision making under partial identification and classical decision theory under uncertainty through a unified lower bound perspective.

About the speaker

Dr. Yifan CUI is currently a postdoctoral fellow from Department of Statistics, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania. He got his PhD in Biostatistics from University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.