HKU HKU Dept of Statistics & Actuarial Science, HKU

Seminar by Dr. Ting YE from University of Pennsylvania

DateMarch 25, 2021, Thursday
Time10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m.
Venuevia Zoom
TitleDebiased inverse-variance weighted estimator in two-sample summary-data mendelian randomization

Mendelian randomization (MR) has become a popular approach to study the effect of a modifiable exposure on an outcome by using genetic variants as instrumental variables. A challenge in MR is that each genetic variant explains a relatively small proportion of variance in the exposure and there are many such variants, a setting known as many weak instruments. To this end, we provide a theoretical characterization of the statistical properties of two popular estimators in MR, the inverse-variance weighted (IVW) estimator and the IVW estimator with screened instruments using an independent selection dataset, under many weak instruments. We then propose a debiased IVW estimator, a simple modification of the IVW estimator, that is robust to many weak instruments and doesn’t require screening. Additionally, we present two instrument selection methods to improve the efficiency of the new estimator when a selection dataset is available. An extension of the debiased IVW estimator to handle balanced horizontal pleiotropy is also discussed. We conclude by demonstrating our results in simulated and real datasets.

About the speaker

Dr. Ting Ye got PhD in Statistics from University of Wisconsin in Madison and then is currently a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Statistics, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Ye will be Assistant Professor in the Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington in Seattle.